To continue my series of articles on Open Source on the IBM i.
A couple of months ago I wrote a PowerWire article on how we should now be managing, and keeping up to date, our open source, which can be found here.
For those of you, like myself, who have been working on this server for many, many years, we have become en-grained in how we manage software on the IBM i. Licensed programs, PTFs, cume packages etc. Well, as I stated in my previous article, for open source, this has now all changed.
In this article, I would like to show how we can find out which open source packages have updates available, and how we can schedule updates to fit in with our existing operating system fix procedures.
Access for Client Solutions
As shown in my previous article, the ACS product has been enhanced to allow us to manage open source packages.
While this is great, there is no way to schedule any updates.
Top Tip: Remember, you have to have *ALLOBJ authority to run any of the open source package management commands
As you may have noticed, the ACS product uses the YUM package management utility to update our installed packages.
So, if we use a shell session, we can run YUM with the ‘check-update’ parameter. This will check with the IBM repository for any updates that may be available for packages that we have installed.
This will not perform any updates, it simply gives us a list of packages that have updates available for installation.
Wow, another Node.js update available, need to get that installed!
If we are now ready to install all the available updates we run the YUM update. Again, this will check the IBM repository and update all the packages we have installed.
If you have any problems with YUM, a good place to start is its log. YUM’s log can be found on the IFS in directory /QOpenSys/var/log. I’m using Midnight Commander to show the log on our server below.
If you need further details on the excellent utility Midnight Commander, my PowerWire article can be found here.
In this section I will demonstrate how we can piece together all the above practices into a CL program, which can then be scheduled to run along with your existing PTF fix procedures.
The pseudo-code for this program is as follows:
• Check if there are any packages to update sending the output to a text file in our IFS
• Copy the text file to a multi member text file, keeping a record of the updates found
• The member in the previous step, will be named with the date of the package check to give an audit of when updates occurred
• Produce a spool file of the package updates
• Create a PDF of the above for auditing reasons
• Run the package updates
Firstly, we need to create a stream file in the IFS that is used to stop the CL program from prompting us if we want to update packages.
You can use either nano from a shell or EDTF from a 5250 command line – EDTF ‘/tmp/yes’ – just place a y in this file
/* Automate OSS Package Updates */
/* Andy Youens */
/* © 1990 – 2019 FormaServe Systems Ltd */
Dcl &Date *char 6
Dcl &Mbr *char 10
Dcl &IFSDir *Char 256 Value( ‘/oss/logs/‘ )
Dcl &Time *Char 6
Dcl &FullName *Char 256
Dcl &PDFName *Char 640
Dcl &MsgId *Char 7
Dcl &MsgDta *Char 256
Dcl &MsgF *Char 10
Dcl &MsgfLib *Char 10
Dcl &ErrorSw *Lgl
Copyright ‘© 1990 – 2019 FormaServe Systems Ltd.’
MonMsg Cpf0000 Exec(Goto Error)
RtvSysVal QDate &Date
RtvSysVal QTime &Time
ChgVar &Mbr (‘Log_’ || &Date )
ChgVar &FullName (‘/QSYS.LIB/POWERWIRE.LIB/OSS_LOG.FILE/’ +
|| &Mbr |< ‘.MBR’)
CrtPf FILE(PowerWire/OSS_log) RCDLEN(512) TEXT(‘OSS +
Audit Log ‘) MAXMBRS(*NOMAX)
MonMsg (Cpf5813 Cpf7302) /* Aleady exists – dont care! */
/* Remove previous log */
Monmsg CPFA0A9 /* Dont care if not there */
/* Check if there are any updates */
QSH CMD(‘/QOpenSys/pkgs/bin/yum check-update > +
/* Copy log file to physical file */
Cpy OBJ(‘/oss/logs/yumupdates.log’) ToObj(&fullname) +
/* Produce spool of packages to be updated */
CpyF FROMFILE(PowerWire/OSS_Log) TOFILE(*LIBL/QSYSPRT) +
/* Build PDF name – Uses Date & Time to make unique */
ChgVar &PdfName (&IFSDir |< ‘Yum Update Log ‘ || &Date || +
‘_’ || &Time |< ‘.pdf’)
/* Create PDF for auditing purposes */
CpySplF File(QSYSPRT) ToFile(*ToStmf) Job(*) SplNbr(*Last) +
ToStmf(&PdfName) Wscst(*Pdf) StmfOpt(*Replace)
/* Update packages */
QSH CMD(‘/QOpenSys/pkgs/bin/yum update < /tmp/yes >> +
/* All Done – ‘Omers! */
Error: If Cond(&ErrorSw) Then(SndPgmMsg MsgID(Cpf9999) +
ChgVar &ErrorSw ‘1’
Error2: RcvMsg MsgType(*Diag) MsgDta(&MsgDta) MsgID(&MsgID) +
If (&MsgID = ‘ ‘) Goto Error3
SndPgmMsg MsgID(&MsgID) MsgF(&MsgFLib/&Msgf) MsgDta(&MsgDta) +
Error3: RcvMsg MsgType(*Excp) MsgDta(&MsgDta) MsgID(&MsgID) +
SndPgmMsg MsgID(&MsgID) MsgF(&MsgFLib/&MsgF) MsgDta(&MsgDta) +
Here we can see the PDF output from the above CL program. The file name includes the date and time the program was run.
It shows an audit of what packages needed updating.
Hopefully, this article has given you an insight on how we can include our Open Source package management updates alongside our existing fix procedures.
We all need to embrace the open source offerings provided by IBM. The more we use, the more they will give us!
If you have any open source questions, let me know.
Andy Youens is an IBM i consultant/instructor at Milton Keynes, UK-based FormaServe Systems with over 36 years IBM midrange experience.